Coconut Palm

Coconut palm (Cocos nucifera) is abundant anywhere in the Philippines at any time of the year. It is a large palm, growing up to 30 meters; its feather-like leaves with multi-divided features are 4-6 meters long, and its pinnae 60-90 centimeters long. Old leaves break away cleanly, leaving the trunk smooth. On a very fertile land, a coconut palm can yield up to 75 fruits per year.

Cocos nucifera is generally classified into two types: tall and dwarf. The outer area of its stem is the hardest part of the plant. Its long hard body is the coco wood or coco lumber, which can be extracting using machines like chainsaw and a simple saw. The wood is uniformly wet and approaches saturation throughout the whole trunk. Variations in moisture content are dependent on variations in density.

Practically all parts of the coconut palm – roots, bark, trunk, leaves, fruit – are used for commercial purposes. Communities, especially in the rural areas, participate in the gathering and processing of coco materials used and applied in products.


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